A chromosome is the thread-like structure that’s found in cells’ nucleus. Chromosome is composed of single molecule of DNA and proteins. It is made up of elements that are necessary for replication and segregation.
The term “chromosome” comes from the Greek words for color - chroma and body - soma because they are strongly stained by the colorful dyes used in research. Chromosomes have a major role to play during cell divisions/replications. They are responsible for:
Any change in the Chromosomal structure or number in new cells after cell division may lead to health issues/diseases.
Any irregularity in the number of sex chromosomes can lead to grave issues like mental retardation and Turner syndrome.
As we mentioned above, chromosomes have DNA, and DNA is the storage of all information about each individual - it can be referred to as the blueprint of our lives. Decoding our DNA and understanding it can open up a whole new world of caring for ourselves according to our individual requirements. DNA can be decoded and studied with a genetic test - an individual taking a genetic test can:
Want to know more about the world of DNA? Click here.
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