Cervical cancer is preventable. Today, screening is the most common and effective way of preventing cervical cancer apart from the HPV vaccination which can be administered before a female becomes sexually active.
Since this disease can be caused by sexual transmissions, it can be avoided by taking measures such as using birth control methods, limiting your sexual activity and sexual partners and by quitting smoking.
HPV (Human Papillomavirus) test shows cancerous or precancerous abnormalities in the cervix cells. Another available option is to take a Pap Smear test that reveals the early cell changes that can result in cervical cancer. Sometimes this test is combined with HPV test.
Other screening options include bimanual pelvic exam and visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA). In the bimanual pelvic examination, the doctor checks a woman’s uterus, cervix, ovaries and nearby organs for any unusual changes. Whereas, VIA is performed in case of limited medical care access.
Explore more about cervical cancer early signs and symptoms, causes and risk factors, types and stages, prevention and treatment.
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Dr. Shona Nag
Sr. Oncologist, Sahyadri Hospital.
'Breast cancer is completely curable, if and when detected early.'
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Consultant Physician, NM Medical.
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Radiologist, NM Medical.
'CT based tests have revolutionised medicine.'