Kidney Diseases

Kidney Functions, Diseases, Symptoms & Prevention

The kidneys are vital organs of our body. They act like a filter and remove the harmful waste/toxins from our body. This process of filtering waste products from the blood is called excretion. However, its functions are not just restricted to it. Let us understand the functions of kidney in detail.

Kidney Functions, Diseases, Symptoms & Prevention

Functions of the Kidney

Excretion of Waste

Kidneys filter out all the unwanted toxins, excess salts and urea.

Balancing Water-Levels

As the kidneys are responsible for the chemical breakdown of urine, they react to any change in the water level in our body. For example; if our water intake is low, the kidneys will accordingly adjust the water levels and restore water in the body instead of excreting it.

Regulation of Blood Pressure (BP)

Pressure of the blood facilitates the filtering process of the kidneys. When our BP decreases; the kidneys eventually helps in restoring the normal BP.

Regulation of Red Blood Cells (RBCs)

When there is a shortfall of oxygen, the kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin which stimulates the bone marrow to produce more RBCs.

Acid Regulation

Foods that are metabolized can either increase the acid in our body or neutralize it. Our kidneys maintain a healthy balance of these chemicals.

Women & Kidney Diseases

In women the kidney disorder effects are more pronounced. When a woman has chronic kidney disease, her periods tend to become irregular, the reproduction and energy level are compromised and hormonal imbalance results in a change in their appearance, mood swings and fatigue which affects them psychologically as well. The most difficult aspect of kidney disease is the fact that its symptoms are so generic that it becomes difficult to differentiate it from other common illnesses.

Symptoms of Kidney Diseases

Given the subtle nature of the symptoms, below is a list of symptoms to watch out for:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Poor appetite and weight loss
  • Puffy face
  • Swollen feet, hands or ankles
  • Shortness of breath
  • Blood or protein in urine
  • An increased need to urinate (especially at night)
  • Itchy skin
  • Muscle cramps
  • Stomach upset, Nausea and Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Trouble with concentrating

Prevention from Kidney Diseases

Water is LIFE

Water is the most essential element of our body. Our kidneys need appropriate amount of water to function normally; therefore it is essential to consume minimum 8 glasses of water a day for your kidney to function smoothly.

Eat Right, Live Well

Eat fresh fruits, vegetables and lentils. Try to include food that is high in water content. During summers, make sure that you consume food which keeps you hydrated and nourished.

Know Your Medical History

Be acquainted with your family as well as your personal medical history. If you have diseases or conditions that increase your risk of kidney failure (like diabetes), consult and work with your doctor to prevent or control them.

Get Your Health Checked Regularly

Regular checkup is an essential health care regime for everyone. It ensures early detection of a hidden or a budding kidney disease. Talk with your doctor for kidney function tests.

Limit Salt Intake

Reduce the amount of salt you consume in your daily diet it is harmful for your kidney. Processed foods that are high in sodium and phosphorus additives may have harmful effects on the kidneys.

Watch and Control Your Sugar Level

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney problems. Hence, it is essential to bring down your sugar levels.

Beware of Self-Medication

Taking too many pain killers could cause kidney damage. In case if you have a history of kidney problem. Please don't take any medication without consulting a doctor or under proper medical supervision.

Obesity is Dangerous

Obesity is an invitation to lifestyle diseases like diabetes and coronary diseases. Control your healthy weight and, maintain it. Regular exercise and a healthy diet is the first step to this.

Stop Stressing

Stress is a leading contributor to poor diet, physical inactivity and deteriorating health. Try stress buster activities like yoga or mediation, take up a hobby, and pursue new interests. Make sure that you are healthy at body, mind and soul.

Know your whole body status by regular preventive health checkup package designed by Indus Health Plus, the preventive health checkup specialist.

Are you looking to modify your lifestyle and habits to improve the quality of your life? Answer simple questions related to your Immunity, Fitness, Nutrition, Health and Habits check your health assessment. View More

Was This Article Helpful?

Yes No
Article Call

Get a Call From Health Advisor

Name
+91

Name
Name
Name
Health Calculator

People Talked About Us
Mr. Anand AgarwalKhargone

PREVENTION: THE FOUNDATION OF HAPPY, HEALTHY LIFE & PEACE OF MIND… A good lifestyle leads to good health. The reports of your annual health checkups equip you with your personal health information and help you to live better and healthy.

Mr. Atul SaojiAkola

On the occasion of senior citizens' day, our esteemed client shared his family's experience about getting timely intervention for calcium deficiency with health checkups. His brother used to think he's healthy but his test report surprised him! Lifestyle health conditions don't have visible symptoms, and only regular screenings can help to catch them.

Rajesh KhareMadhya Pradesh

Cure costs a lot, prevention doesn't.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

Kuldeep GillNavi Mumbai

Your well-being is our number 1 priority that's why we have fully prepared ourselves to give you a COVID-safe checkup experience.

Dr. Satish PoddarBangalore

I am a loyal customer of Indus health plus since 5years, the executives were very cooperative while my parents were getting operated, in fact, it was successful because of Indus health plus.

Daniel Kirubai

The test was planned in such a way that the time was minimized, optimized and could be done within a short span. Thank you so much Indus health plus.

Ms. Malti Singh SengarNew Delhi

"I took the health checkup package for my mother. The experience at the hospital was incredible. The staff was extremely courteous and made sure that there was no waiting time. The price of the package, the same day delivery of report and the useful doctor counselling made sure that the experience was memorable for me and my mother".

Mr. Gali Vishnu PrasadBangalore

"This was the first time in my life that I had gone for an extensive checkup of my whole body and I could not have chosen a better facilitator than Indus Health Plus. Their representative was with me throughout the day and made sure that the tests were completed at the earliest. The hospitality accorded to me truly made my day".

Mr. Jayesh OvalekarBangalore

"The overall experience was excellent and the test package was extensive. After the doctor’s counselling session, I understood what life style changes I need to make to lead a happy and healthy life. Thank you Indus Health Plus for showing me the right way. I will definitely make sure that my loved ones also undergo these tests".