The kidneys are vital organs of our body. They act like a filter and remove the harmful waste/toxins from our body. This process of filtering waste products from the blood is called excretion. However, its functions are not just restricted to it. Let us understand the functions of kidney in detail.
Kidneys filter out all the unwanted toxins, excess salts and urea.
As the kidneys are responsible for the chemical breakdown of urine, they react to any change in the water level in our body. For example; if our water intake is low, the kidneys will accordingly adjust the water levels and restore water in the body instead of excreting it.
Pressure of the blood facilitates the filtering process of the kidneys. When our BP decreases; the kidneys eventually helps in restoring the normal BP.
When there is a shortfall of oxygen, the kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin which stimulates the bone marrow to produce more RBCs.
Foods that are metabolized can either increase the acid in our body or neutralize it. Our kidneys maintain a healthy balance of these chemicals.
In women the kidney disorder effects are more pronounced. When a woman has chronic kidney disease, her periods tend to become irregular, the reproduction and energy level are compromised and hormonal imbalance results in a change in their appearance, mood swings and fatigue which affects them psychologically as well. The most difficult aspect of kidney disease is the fact that its symptoms are so generic that it becomes difficult to differentiate it from other common illnesses.
Given the subtle nature of the symptoms, below is a list of symptoms to watch out for:
Water is the most essential element of our body. Our kidneys need appropriate amount of water to function normally; therefore it is essential to consume minimum 8 glasses of water a day for your kidney to function smoothly.
Eat fresh fruits, vegetables and lentils. Try to include food that is high in water content. During summers, make sure that you consume food which keeps you hydrated and nourished.
Be acquainted with your family as well as your personal medical history. If you have diseases or conditions that increase your risk of kidney failure (like diabetes), consult and work with your doctor to prevent or control them.
Regular checkup is an essential health care regime for everyone. It ensures early detection of a hidden or a budding kidney disease. Talk with your doctor for kidney function tests.
Reduce the amount of salt you consume in your daily diet it is harmful for your kidney. Processed foods that are high in sodium and phosphorus additives may have harmful effects on the kidneys.
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney problems. Hence, it is essential to bring down your sugar levels.
Taking too many pain killers could cause kidney damage. In case if you have a history of kidney problem. Please don't take any medication without consulting a doctor or under proper medical supervision.
Obesity is an invitation to lifestyle diseases like diabetes and coronary diseases. Control your healthy weight and, maintain it. Regular exercise and a healthy diet is the first step to this.
Stress is a leading contributor to poor diet, physical inactivity and deteriorating health. Try stress buster activities like yoga or mediation, take up a hobby, and pursue new interests. Make sure that you are healthy at body, mind and soul.
Know your whole body status by regular preventive health checkup package designed by Indus Health Plus, the preventive health checkup specialist.
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Creatinine is a metabolic waste product produced by the metabolic activity of the body muscles. Creatinine is the determining factor to detect whether the kidneys are a function or not. The kidney functions to eliminate most of the creatinine out of the body via urine. When the kidneys are working well they efficiently excrete creatinine but high creatinine levels in the blood show chronic kidney disease (CKD).
The chemical waste created by the metabolic activities of body muscles is known as creatine. Creatine is a significant chemical molecule that helps in the production of energy for the muscles. It is the main source of creatinine in our body. About 2% of the body's creatine is converted into creatinine every day and is transported to the kidneys for disposal. The kidneys function to eliminate most of the creatinine via urine.
Creatinine is a chemical by-product transformed from creatine (a chemical waste created by muscular function in the body). Most of the creatinine released into the bloodstream comes from the conversion of creatine into creatinine. Creatinine in the blood is filtered by the kidneys and eliminated from the body through urine.
Kidney stones are small hard crystalline masses made of minerals and salt materials, which are built inside the kidney or may get down in the urinary tract. The medical terms for the kidney stones are nephrolithiasis and renal lithiasis. Around 11 to 13% of adults in the world suffer from chronic kidney diseases. The size of a kidney stone can vary; it can be of a few millimeters or of a few inches as well. The movement of the stone, which takes place through the narrow pipes of the urinary tract, can result in severe pain.
According to the research of National Kidney Foundation, nearly 10% of world's population is affected by the most common health problem i.e. kidney disease. Kidney carries out many essential tasks like removing the waste products, releasing the hormones which help in regulating the blood pressure, etc. You need to make various changes in your diet to ensure that your kidney works properly. Nutrition and diet always play an important role in handling every type of illness. When you are suffering from chronic kidney diseases, the only aim of these kidney disease diets is to maintain the levels of minerals, electrolytes, and the fluid present in the body.
Kidneys are one of the most important organs in human body. They are located on either side of the spine and have a size of the human fist. The primary function of the kidney is to filter the waste material from the blood and pass it from the body as urine. However, if proper care is not taken kidneys may get damaged. According to Harvard Medical School, around 17% of Indian suffers from chronic kidney diseases.
When there is a gradual decrease in the functional capacity of the kidney, it leads to chronic kidney disease. There are no early symptoms of this disease but once it gets worse, it can create complications like high blood pressure, anemia or nerve damage. The number of people suffering from chronic kidney disease has doubled in the last 15 years in India. Today, nearly 17 in every 100 Indians face kidney problem.