Kidney Functions, Diseases, Symptoms & Prevention

The kidneys are vital organs of our body. They act like a filter and remove the harmful waste/toxins from our body. This process of filtering waste products from the blood is called excretion. However, its functions are not just restricted to it. Let us understand the functions of kidney in detail.

Kidney Functions, Diseases, Symptoms & Prevention

Functions of the Kidney

Excretion of Waste

Kidneys filter out all the unwanted toxins, excess salts and urea.

Balancing Water-Levels

As the kidneys are responsible for the chemical breakdown of urine, they react to any change in the water level in our body. For example; if our water intake is low, the kidneys will accordingly adjust the water levels and restore water in the body instead of excreting it.

Regulation of Blood Pressure (BP)

Pressure of the blood facilitates the filtering process of the kidneys. When our BP decreases; the kidneys eventually helps in restoring the normal BP.

Regulation of Red Blood Cells (RBCs)

When there is a shortfall of oxygen, the kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin which stimulates the bone marrow to produce more RBCs.

Acid Regulation

Foods that are metabolized can either increase the acid in our body or neutralize it. Our kidneys maintain a healthy balance of these chemicals.

Women & Kidney Diseases

In women the kidney disorder effects are more pronounced. When a woman has chronic kidney disease, her periods tend to become irregular, the reproduction and energy level are compromised and hormonal imbalance results in a change in their appearance, mood swings and fatigue which affects them psychologically as well. The most difficult aspect of kidney disease is the fact that its symptoms are so generic that it becomes difficult to differentiate it from other common illnesses.

Symptoms of Kidney Diseases

Given the subtle nature of the symptoms, below is a list of symptoms to watch out for:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Poor appetite and weight loss
  • Puffy face
  • Swollen feet, hands or ankles
  • Shortness of breath
  • Blood or protein in urine
  • An increased need to urinate (especially at night)
  • Itchy skin
  • Muscle cramps
  • Stomach upset, Nausea and Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Trouble with concentrating

Prevention from Kidney Diseases

Water is LIFE

Water is the most essential element of our body. Our kidneys need appropriate amount of water to function normally; therefore it is essential to consume minimum 8 glasses of water a day for your kidney to function smoothly.

Eat Right, Live Well

Eat fresh fruits, vegetables and lentils. Try to include food that is high in water content. During summers, make sure that you consume food which keeps you hydrated and nourished.

Know Your Medical History

Be acquainted with your family as well as your personal medical history. If you have diseases or conditions that increase your risk of kidney failure (like diabetes), consult and work with your doctor to prevent or control them.

Get Your Health Checked Regularly

Regular checkup is an essential health care regime for everyone. It ensures early detection of a hidden or a budding kidney disease. Talk with your doctor for kidney function tests.

Limit Salt Intake

Reduce the amount of salt you consume in your daily diet it is harmful for your kidney. Processed foods that are high in sodium and phosphorus additives may have harmful effects on the kidneys.

Watch and Control Your Sugar Level

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney problems. Hence, it is essential to bring down your sugar levels.

Beware of Self-Medication

Taking too many pain killers could cause kidney damage. In case if you have a history of kidney problem. Please don't take any medication without consulting a doctor or under proper medical supervision.

Obesity is Dangerous

Obesity is an invitation to lifestyle diseases like diabetes and coronary diseases. Control your healthy weight and, maintain it. Regular exercise and a healthy diet is the first step to this.

Stop Stressing

Stress is a leading contributor to poor diet, physical inactivity and deteriorating health. Try stress buster activities like yoga or mediation, take up a hobby, and pursue new interests. Make sure that you are healthy at body, mind and soul.

Know your whole body status by regular preventive health checkup package designed by Indus Health Plus, the preventive health checkup specialist.

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    Kidneys are one of the most important organs in human body. They are located on either side of the spine and have a size of the human fist. The primary function of the kidney is to filter the waste material from the blood and pass it from the body as urine. However, if proper care is not taken kidneys may get damaged. According to Harvard Medical School, around 17% of Indian suffers from chronic kidney diseases.

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