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Hypertension Causes & Risk Factors

hypertension high blood pressure causes risk factors

Causes & Risk Factors of Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)


As grow older, we develop greater risk for high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. With age, blood vessels lose flexibility which can contribute to increasing pressure in the system.

Family history

You are more likely to develop high blood pressure if your parents or siblings have had hypertension. You may also pass the risk factor to your own children. That's why it is important for everyone to get regular blood pressure checks done. You cannot control hereditary but you can take measures to lower other modifiable risk factors.

Too much alcohol

Alcohol consumed in moderation is ok but heavy and regular use of alcohol can increase blood pressure. It can also lead to stroke, produce irregular heartbeats and cause heart failure. High alcohol intake can contribute to high triglycerides, cancer, obesity, alcoholism, suicide and quote often accidents.

Eating a lot of sodium

Too much salt (sodium) in diet is a major cause of increased blood pressure in salt sensitive people. A high salt diet upsets the natural sodium balance of the body, causing fluid retention which increases the blood pressure.


Obesity calls for a host of diseases and being overweight increases your chances of developing high blood pressure too.

Not exercising

A sedentary lifestyle contributes to obesity and developing high blood pressure. Physical inactivity increases the chance of high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke.


Being under stressed situation can temporarily increase the blood pressure. People who remain under stress may tend to overeat or eat junk, put off physical activity, drink more alcohol and smoke - all this eventually leads to high blood pressure.


Smoking also temporarily raises the blood pressure and increases risk of damaged arteries and speeds up the process of hardening of the arteries.

To live healthy & happy, one must keep a check on the body’s functioning by going for regular health checkups. This helps in assessing risk factors and diagnosing diseases at an early stage, which will result in effective treatment and better management of the condition.

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