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Complications of High Blood Pressure

high blood pressure hypertension complications

Undiagnosed or uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to serious health complications and fatal diseases. The excess force on artery walls due to high blood pressure can damage blood vessels and other organs of the body.

Heart attack or stroke

High blood pressure can cause hardening of arteries, known as atherosclerosis, which can lead to heart attack and stroke.


Consistently increased blood pressure can cause blood vessels to weaken and bulge, making an aneurysm. If an aneurysm breaks, it can lead to life-threatening effects.

Heart failure

To continually pump blood against higher pressure in vessels, heart muscle thickens. Eventually the thickened muscle experiences hard time in pumping enough blood to meet the body's requirement for blood, which can lead to heart failure.

Weakened/narrowed blood vessels in kidneys

This can lead to hampering these organs from functioning normally.

Narrowed or torn blood vessels in eyes

due to raised blood pressure, the small vessels of eye gets narrowed and sometimes even break, which can result in loss of vision.

Metabolic syndrome

This is a cluster of disorders in body's metabolism, including central obesity, high levels of triglycerides; low HDL, high blood pressure and insulin levels.

People with high blood pressure, are more likely to have other components of metabolic syndrome.

Problem in understanding and memory

Uncontrolled hypertension may also affect ability to think, remember/retain & learn. Trouble in memorizing or understanding concepts is commonly seen in people with high blood pressure.

To live healthy & happy, one must keep a check on the body’s functioning by going for regular health checkups. This helps in assessing risk factors and diagnosing diseases at an early stage, which will result in effective treatment and better management of the condition.

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