Heart Disease Causes & Risk Factors

There is no one particular cause or reason behind heart diseases. A combination of several risk factors lead towards acquiring a cardiac disease, which can be classified into modifiable and non-modifiable.

Heart Disease Causes & Risk Factors

Non-modifiable risk factors

  • Ageing

    Getting old is one of the biggest risk factor which cannot be dealt with. As we age, risk of cardiac diseases increases manifold.

  • Family History

    A family history of cardiovascular disease makes you prone towards it.

  • Gender

    Men are at greater risk of heart disease than a pre-menopausal woman.  Post menopause, the risk for both becomes similar

  • Ethnicity

    African and Asians are at higher risks of developing cardiac disease than other racial groups.

Modifiable risk factors

  • Hypertension

    High blood pressure plays a significant role in heart attacks and thankfully it can be prevented and successfully treated if diagnosed at early and managed properly.

  • Cholesterol

    High total cholesterol and low HDL or good cholesterol increase the risk of heart disease.

  • Smoking or tobacco use

    Both of these increases risks of cardiac disease.  Long term passive smoking is also a risk factor. 

  • Physical inactivity

    Not moving around too much and as a result gaining weight increase the risk of heart disease.  Obesity is a risk factor for diabetes and diabetes in turn is a big risk factor for heart diseases.

  • Diet

    High saturated fat diet increases the risk of heart disease.

  • Alcohol

    Binge drinking or excessive consumption of alcohol will damage the heart muscle.

  • Medication

    Certain drugs such as the contraceptive pill and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may increase the risk of Coronary heart diseases.

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