This article gives you some pointers to prevent throat cancer and how to diagnose it at an early stage.
Throat cancer prevention
Staying away from the major risk factors like smoking can help in preventing the disease. One can make these changes in his/her life to prevent form the throat cancer:
If a person is non-smoker the risk of getting the disease is already very low in him/her. People who have been smoking from a long time should stop as the tobacco is the biggest risk factor of the throat cancer. The largest number of people suffering from the throat cancer were found smoker or were smoking from a very long.
Reduce the consumption of alcohol
Alcohol is also important risk factor of the cancer. People who drink more than a recommended amount have high risk of getting the cancer. To reduce the risk of throat cancer alcohol consumption should be stopped or reduced to only 1 drink per day.
Fresh fruits and vegetables full of vitamins and antioxidants are recommended for a healthy leaving and reducing the risk of getting the cancer. People who smoke or drink lack the vitamins in their body which is also one of the reasons of getting the cancer, so, a healthy diet with proper nutrition can help people to reduce the risk of the disease.
Protection from HPV
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is found to be the most dangerous virus that can cause cancer.The virus can spread through skin-to-skin contact or by having vaginal or anal intercourse. To reduce the risk of HPV, doctors suggest limiting the number sexual partners and using protection during intercourse. HPV vaccine can be considered as a preventive measure
Throat Cancer Detection
The throat cancer early stage symptoms are the key to good prognosis rate. If the doctor finds any kind of suspicious sign, he can ask for some specific tests for the cancer. There are certain processes to diagnose this cancer:
- Examining the throat by an endoscope
- Biopsy (removing a small tissue for further examination)
- Imaging tests (X-ray, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography)