Blood Cancer - Overview

Cancer has been one of the leading reasons for deaths worldwide and blood cancer is a widely prevalent type of cancer. Most of the functions and productions of blood cells are affected by blood cancer. It is seen that most of the cancers begin from the place where blood is produced i.e. bone marrow. In this case, the process of development of normal blood cells is disrupted by the growth of an abnormal type of cell. These cancerous blood cells stop your blood from performing their primary functions like preventing blood loss, fighting against infections, etc.

Blood Cancer - Overview

Blood Cancer Facts /Awareness

  • Leukaemia is most commonly found in small children.
  • Lymphoma is commonly found in the people who fall in the age group of 16 to 24 years.
  • About 31% of males suffer from leukaemia as compared to females.
  • Note that blood cancer prognosis is dependent on different factors like age, how severe it is, and at which stage it has been diagnosed.

Blood Cancer Types

There are mainly three as given below:

  • Myeloma
  • Lymphoma
  • Leukaemia

Causes of Blood Cancer:

  • Family history
  • Certain infections
  • Ageing
  • Weak immune system

However, the specific malignancy are still unidentified.

Sign and Symptoms of Blood Cancer

  • Weight loss
  • Bleeding gums
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Back pain, abdominal pain, and bone pain
  • Fever
  • Dark spots and fine rashes
  • Enlargement of lymph node

Cancer prevention is a key in controlling the risk of cancer. Regular screening of cancer can assist in identifying this life-threatening condition in its initial phase. This can facilitate its complete cure by timely removal of precancerous growth.

  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle and maintain a balanced diet
  • Take all the necessary safety measures
  • Avoid getting exposed to the radiations

Blood Cancer Diagnosis

  • Blood tests
  • Biopsy
  • Bone marrow exam
  • Imaging tests like PET scan, CT scan, and chest X-ray
  • Physical exam

These tests surely help in blood cancer detection.

Blood Cancer Treatments

  • Chemotherapy
  • Transplantation of bone marrow
  • Biological therapy

Having dietary and lifestyle changes during this period is important to ensure faster recovery. Behavioral risk factors like usage of alcohol and tobacco, obesity, not being physically active and less intake of a healthy diet can result in up to 30% of cancer deaths.

A healthy diet for sure will help you to remain strong and fit during your treatments also.

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