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Blood Cancer - Overview

blood cancer

Blood cancer is a widely used term for blood, bone marrow and lymphatic cancer. Mostly, this cancer starts from bone marrow (where blood is produced). In this cancer, the development of blood cells gets disturbed by unrestrained growth of abnormal blood cells. These cells prevent the blood to perform its primary tasks, for example, fighting the infections or blood clotting to prevent blood loss.

This article provides you an overview of blood cancer by giving information about causes, diagnosis, diet, early symptoms, effects, types, and other facts.

Blood Cancer Causes

There are no specific known causes of blood cancer malignancy; however there are a number of risk factors that relate with the development of the disease such as exposure to radiation and certain chemicals, ageing, smoking, family history, previous cancer treatment etc.

Blood Cancer Diet

By consuming a healthy and nutritious diet chances of getting affected with any disease can be reduced. The healthy lifestyle and balanced diet supports the immune system and helps the patients to stay strong during treatments.

Healthy diet also includes:

  • Maintaining the body weight
  • Drink lot of water
  • Increase daily physical activities, like, walking
  • Manage stress
  • Take enough sleep
  • Avoid tobacco completely

Blood Cancer Early Symptoms

Some common signs and symptoms are:

  • Fevers
  • Night sweating
  • Enlarged lymph nodes (usually painless)
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Bleeding and bruising
  • Bluish or purplish spots on the skin
  • Decreased process of blood clotting
  • Frequent infections
  • Pain in bones or joints
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Swollen spleen or liver, with abdominal pain
  • Petechiae (pinhead hemorrhages)

Blood Cancer Precautions/Prevention

  • Healthy lifestyle with balanced diet
  • Adopt safety measures
  • Stay away from harmful chemicals such as pesticides
  • Avoid radiations

Blood Cancer Types

Mainly it is divided into three types:

  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Myeloma

Blood Cancer Diagnosis

These are the tests are used for blood cancer detection:

  • Physical exam
  • Blood test
  • Chest X-Ray
  • Urine test
  • Biopsy
  • Spinal tap (process to remove and test some of the spinal fluid to help diagnose disorders)

Blood Cancer Facts

  • Almost half the cases of this cancer are diagnosed in people aged 70 years or older.
  • Approximately one third of all cancers diagnosed in children are blood cancer.
  • Blood cancer prognosis depends on various factors such as on which stage it is diagnosed, age of the patient, extent of spread of cancer.

To live healthy & happy, one must keep a check on the body’s functioning by going for regular health checkups. This helps in assessing risk factors and diagnosing diseases at an early stage, which will result in effective treatment and better management of the condition.

Know your complete health status by full body checkup packages designed and facilitated by Indus Health Plus, the preventive checkup specialist.

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