Blood cancer is an umbrella disease with its different kind of types. Hence, there are several diagnostic tests to find the cancer and different treatments available according to the type.
The article here have the brief information of these blood cancer test, prognosis, detection and blood cancer treatment cost.
Blood cancer detection starts with the sign or symptom of blood cancer, for example, if lymph node enlargement or infections are observed, diagnostic tests for the blood cancer should be immediately ordered. Its diagnosis mainly involves lab test of blood. Abnormal number of cells indicates the leukaemia. To check the abnormality accurately, blood samples are examined under the microscope. Sometimes the diagnosis also involves taking a sample of bone marrow.
The diagnosis starts with physical tests and examining complete medical history, followed by lab test of blood, urine and stool to diagnose any kind of abnormality that can link with cancer. If a tumor is suspected some tests are performed to detect the tumor, like X-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound and fiber-optic endoscopy. These tests helps to find out the size and location of the tumor.
A biopsy is the most common process to find the cancer, which includes removing the tissue samples that is suspected to have the cancer, and then study that tissue with the use of microscope to look for cancer cells.
In case of positive result for blood cancer, further tests take place to provide specific detail of the cancer and its stage.
In the process of stem cell transplantation, high-doses of chemotherapy and radiations are used to kill all the cancerous cells. The stem cells help the bone marrow to produce new blood cells, sometime these stem cells are transferred from a donor.
To kill the cancer cells high energy waves are used. The therapy can be used either to treat leukemia that has grown to the brain or it can use to target the swollen spleen or any other organ that has cancer.
Some drugs that interrupt particular function of cancerous cells instead of killing those cells are used in this therapy. The therapy damages less normal cells than chemotherapy, as the therapy stops the growth of the damaged cells then killing them.
The therapy use living organisms to treat cancer. It helps the immune system to get stronger and recognize and kill the abnormal cells. These therapies for various types of cancer include antibodies, tumor vaccines, or cytokines.
In this process, various kinds of drugs (blood cancer medicine) are injected in the body, either orally or through IV route.
The cost of the treatment of blood cancer varies from a thousand rupees to lacs.
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