What is Alzheimer's disease?
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurologic disorder that causes atrophy of the brain, kills brain cells and destroys mental functions. Alzheimer's is the most common cause of dementia, it results in a decline in thinking, social and behavioral skills, affecting the person's ability to be able to do normal activities independently.
Causes of Alzheimers disease
Family medical history, having a parent or sibling with Alzheimer’s increases your likelihood of developing the disease
Having Down syndrome
Sedentary lifestyle with no exercise
Not sleeping well
Being overweight or obese
Having hypertension or high blood pressure
Having high cholesterol levels
Poorly managed type 2 diabetes
What are the early signs and symptoms?
The signs of Alzheimer's develop quite slowly. The time gap between the start of Alzheimer's disease and death can be from 5 to 20 years. The symptoms during the early stages of Alzheimer's include
Inability to perform daily tasks
Frequent mood changes, irritability and anxiety
Short term memory loss
Difficulty in processing information
Being confused about time and place
Difficulties in communicating
Symptoms during the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease
Constantly increasing short term memory loss
State of perpetual confusion
Not recognising family and friends
Shorter attention span
Difficulty in reading, writing, understanding numbers
Frequent aggression and significant mood swings
As the diseases progresses towards the later stages, the below mentioned symptoms may occur
Difficulty in talking or Inability to understand
Inability to control urination or defecation
Not able to recognise family members or self
Difficulty in movement
Having trouble in sleeping
Can Alzheimer's disease be prevented?
There is no way to prevent the development of Alzheimer's disease. But some lifestyle modifications can help in reducing the risk of Alzheimer's. Regularly exercising is one of them - physical activity has a protective effect on mental health and brain’s functioning.
The importance of health checkup for detecting Alzheimer's disease
Routine full body health checkup is essential for early detection and diagnosis of Alzheimer's. The following procedures and tests are performed for the diagnosis during your checkup:
Referring to family and personal medical history
Blood and urine tests
Brain imaging tests - CT, MRI, PET
Any damage to the heart and blood vessels that include cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol levels can increase your risk for Alzheimer's disease. Regular full body health checkups equip you with all the powerful insights that can help you avert such fatal diseases and live a healthier life. Get your full body preventive health checkup now.
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