World Asthma Day

The World Asthma Day is celebrated on the first Tuesday of May every year. The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) leads this initiative of World Asthma Day to improve the awareness about asthma, its precautions, and preventive measures.

Many of us have heard about or seen how dangerous attacks of asthma can get. However, it is also inevitably true that this condition can be managed and to a certain extent prevented just by having awareness about its causes and symptoms of an acute (serious) asthma attack. We will look at the some important aspects of this condition and its prevention in detail.

World Asthma Day

Causes of Asthma

The asthma causes or factors that trigger asthma can be divided into 2 main categories:

  • Allergic/Inflammatory triggers
  • Non-allergic/Symptom triggers

Allergic/Inflammatory Risk Factors

As the name suggests, these cause inflammation or swelling up of lungs and the airway passage as a result of any allergic substance. These risk factors include the following:


are the most common allergens which cause asthma.

Certain Air Pollutants

with the increasing air pollution, the asthma patients should wear protective air masks when leaving out.


dander (particles of the animal skin) animals - saliva, oil secretions, urine, and feces - can serve asthma triggers.

Dust Mites

are tiny, creatures that eat our dead skin. They live in the humid environment. They generally live on beddings, carpets, soft toys, etc.


The cockroach feces are noted to trigger asthma symptoms.


is a type of fungus which is mostly found in damp or humid. When these molds reproduce, spores are released into the air which triggers asthma.

Viral Infections

like a common cold or flu are when an asthma patient becomes more sensitive and enhances the risk of asthma attacks.

Non-Allergic Risk Factors /Symptom Risk Factors

Generally these risk factors do not cause any inflammation; however, they can stimulate the highly strung airway passages causing severe attacks of asthma. The Non-allergic or symptom risk factors include the following:

Smoke/Smoking/Passive Smoking

cigarette smoking and even passive smoking provokes asthma attacks. So if you are an asthma patient and you smoke, you should quit smoking.


can result in the flare up of asthma symptoms, especially in uncontrolled asthma.

Cold Air/Changes in the Weather

can stimulate asthma.

Intense Emotions

some intense emotions and stress can trigger asthma especially if it is not well-controlled.

Harmful Fumes of Chemical and Strong Odours

have to be avoided.

Certain Food Additives like Sulfites

sulfite is a preservative used in the production of some foods and drinks. Sulfites in certain foods are known to stimulate asthma.

Symptoms of Asthma

The common signs and symptoms of asthma are:

  • Coughing, especially at night
  • Wheezing: is a whistling sound that can be made while breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness, pain, or pressure

Management and Treatment of Asthma

Asthma treatment and usually involves the following:

  • Awareness of all the causes that trigger asthma attacks.
  • Taking necessary steps to avoid them.
  • Keeping a check on your breathing to ensure your daily asthma medications are able to control the asthma symptoms.
  • In a case of an acute asthma attack, you can get a quick relief from the albuterol inhaler.

Asthma Prevention

We cannot prevent asthma; however, we can definitely manage or control it. Here are some self-help tips for asthma prevention.


there is no vaccine for asthma; however you can vaccinate yourself for the conditions that trigger asthma, like the flu, pneumonia, etc.

Take Prescribed Medications Only

If you notice that in spite of the given medicines there is no improvement in your condition, you should immediately consult your physician or at least take a second opinion. In the case, if you are using the inhaler and you feel there should be a dose correction you should consult a proper physician.

Regular Monitoring of the Condition

to ensure that the medications are working well. You should also take up a master health checkup regularly. This will decrease the risk of a severe attack. The check-up will not only saves you from critical illnesses but also saves you from the physical, mental and financial trauma due to the disease.

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