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Unhealthy Liver: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

unhealthy liver causes symptoms prevention

The liver plays a vital role in digestion by providing necessary biochemicals and helps in metabolism. Malfunctioning of the liver could lead to dangerous health conditions. Hence, it is crucial to take proper care of our liver. Some bad habits, poor diet and unhealthy lifestyle, can affect the liver and lead to certain diseases. In India, around 10 lakh patients are diagnosed with liver cirrhosis every year.

Causes of Unhealthy Liver

  1. Infections

    Viruses can cause liver infection that leads to liver inflammation and reduces its functionality. Viruses can spread through blood, contaminated food, etc. The most common virus that affects our liver is hepatitis virus.
  2. Genetics

    The genetics can also be the reason behind an unhealthy liver. The abnormal genes inherited from your parents can lead to liver disorders.
  3. Alcohol

    Excess intake of alcohol is one of the most common reasons behind the liver problems. Alcohol consumption is toxic to the liver and causes inflammation. In case of chronic alcohol abuse, the accumulated fat near liver reduces its functional capability.

Symptoms of Unhealthy Liver

Symptoms of poorly functioning liver may include -

  • The yellowish appearance of eyes and skin
  • Swelling of ankles and legs
  • Itchy skin
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Easy bruising and bleeding
  • Pale stool color
  • Positive SGPT test- SGPT, i.e., serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase is an enzyme found in the heart and liver. When the heart or liver is damaged, the blood SGPT level is increased. SGPT blood test is a marker that indicates this damage; ensure that your regular preventive checkup package includes this test.

Though these symptoms sound disturbing, liver disease prevention is the key that prevents alcohol consumption as well as the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by lifestyle modifications while Hepatitis B can be prevented with vaccination.

  1. Control the Alcohol Consumption

    The human liver has to perform around 500 functions every day. A significant amount of alcohol consumption builds fats around the liver known as the alcoholic fatty liver disease, which can be life threatening. Quitting alcohol consumption or cutting it down as much as one can is the only solution.
  2. Drink Plenty of Water

    Drinking water is always beneficial. It helps to flush the toxins out of your body and prevents thickening of the blood, thus helps its easy filtering through the liver.
  3. Exercise Regularly

    One essential part is to start exercising. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with being obese or overweight. Regular exercise will help in preventing the liver disease by maintaining the healthy weight.
  4. Eat Healthy

    A healthy diet is vital to keep the liver healthy. Cut down on the carbs and eat more nuts. Low carb diet helps in maintaining healthy liver by controlling the calorie intake.
  5. Cut down on Fizzy Drinks.

    The cold drinks available in the market contain added sugar leading to obesity. Cut down on the consumption of such beverages.

Keeping liver healthy is extremely important and prevention is better than cure. If you observe any symptoms of liver disease, contact your family doctor immediately. For more information, please fill the query form and we will be happy to help you with a preventive medical health checkup that ensures you live strong and fit.

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