Liver plays a vital role in various body processes such as digestion, detoxification, protein synthesis, storage & filtration of certain substances and other metabolic activities. Malfunctioning of the liver could lead to dangerous health conditions. Hence, it is crucial to take proper care of our liver. Poor dietary habits like eating oily foods, consumption of alcohol, self-medication and an unhealthy/sedentary lifestyle can affect the liver, and lead to fatal conditions.
In India, around 10 lakh patients are diagnosed with liver cirrhosis, every year. Liver cirrhosis is incurable and reduces life expectancy.
Causes of an unhealthy liver:
Several viruses cause an infection that leads to liver inflammation and reduces its functionality. Viruses can spread through blood, contaminated food, etc. The most common virus that affects our liver is the hepatitis virus.
Genetics can also be the reason behind an unhealthy liver. The abnormal genes inherited from your parents can lead to liver disorders.
Excess intake of alcohol is one of the most common reasons behind liver problems. Alcohol consumption is toxic to the liver and causes inflammation. In the case of chronic alcohol abuse, the accumulated fat near the liver reduces its functional capability.
Symptoms of poorly functioning liver may include:
Though these symptoms sound disturbing, liver disease prevention is the key to achieving a healthy life. It can be prevented by reducing/stopping alcohol consumption; the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can also be prevented by making easy lifestyle modifications; while Hepatitis B can be prevented with vaccination.
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