Thalassemia: A Wake up Call

Thalassemia has been one the deadliest diseases in the world. It is a genetic blood disorder that has affected around 100,000 patients in India. More shockingly, if proper treatment is not taken then it can prove a fatal health condition. Understanding thalassemia helps in taking precautionary measures and staying healthy.

Thalassemia: A Wake up Call

What Is Thalassemia

Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder caused by the abnormal hemoglobin production, which ultimately leads to anemia. Due to insufficient production of blood in red cells, oxygen cannot reach to all the body parts leading to disturbed body functions.

Types of Thalassemia

Two types of Thalassemia are known

  1. Thalassemia Major

    Thalassemia Major is found in children who receive mutated genes from the parents. The child cannot produce the necessary hemoglobin, which ultimately leads to chronic fatigue. Two of the major consequences are severe anemia and expansion of bone marrow in the body in the body's effort to produce more red blood cells. It is crucial that the child gets proper and complete treatment in the early stages of the disease. If the thalassemia treatment is left incomplete, then it can lead to death in the first decade of life.
  2. Thalassemia Minor

    The people with thalassemia trait in one gene are called carriers or Thalassemia Minor. The confirmation of Thalassemia Minor can happen through a specific blood test known as hemoglobin electrophoresis. If you or your parents have thalassemia history then you should request for this blood test. Parents with thalassemia genes have 25% chances of having a baby with thalassemia major.

Why someone gets this disease? Let us find out.

Thalassemia Causes

Thalassemia is a genetically developed disorder; that means if any abnormality or mutation in genes involved in hemoglobin production can lead to thalassemia. If both parents have thalassemia genes then the child is more likely to suffer from this disease.

Thalassemia can be prevented, but to do that we need to know its symptoms.

Thalassemia Symptoms

Following are some common symptoms of thalassemia

  • Dark urine
  • Pale or yellow skin
  • Bone deformities
  • Fatigue or excessive tiredness
  • Delayed growth

However, all symptoms are visible and some symptoms can be noticed in the later part of childhood also. Thalassemia can be prevented with some simple steps.

Thalassemia Prevention

  1. Individuals with thalassemia need to consult the doctor and opt for the genetic counseling. This will give an idea on how to reduce the risk of thalassemia transmission to their kids.
  2. Prenatal tests are recommended to detect thalassemia before birth.
  3. Doctors also advise following the required immunization schedule for children to manage the disorder.
  4. The genetic counseling should be given to the parents carrying thalassemia genes. They should be given detailed information about this disease and proper guidance should be provided to safeguard their child from this disease.

Thalassemia is definitely a dangerous disease, but it can be detected at the early stage and can be managed successfully with the help of timely preventive health checkup.

Was This Article Helpful?

Yes No
  • Appendicitis: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Diet

    Appendicitis: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Diet

    What is Appendicitis?

    Appendicitis is a tricky disease as its symptoms are pretty much common and vague. The chances are, you might confuse it with gallbladder problems, urinary tract infection, gastritis etc.

  • Common Adolescent Health Problems and Prevention

    Common Adolescent Health Problems and Prevention

    Everyone faces health problems in his or her life. Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood and during this period social, cultural, biological changes affect the transition which can create some serious health issues. Around 22% population of India is between 10-19 years age category. It is found that major health problems in adolescence are regarding nutritional disorders i.e. malnutrition and obesity. Let us take a look at some common teens’ health problems.

  • Brain Tumour: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

    Brain Tumour: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

    The word brain tumour can be scary for everyone. A brain tumour is a collection of uncontrollable and abnormally grown cells in the brain. Brain tumour can cause pressure on the brain and brain being a vital organ this condition might be life threatening.

  • Tuberculosis (TB) Causes, Risk Factors, Test and Prevention

    Tuberculosis (TB) Causes, Risk Factors, Test and Prevention

    Tuberculosis (TB) is known to be an infectious and fatal condition that is caused by bacteria called mycobacteria tuberculosis which affects lungs. Since it is infectious, it often leads to other health complications because a person infected with tuberculosis has a very low immunity.

  • Seasonal Health Calendar

    Seasonal Health Calendar


    January :

    New Year begins with promises, resolutions and chill in the air. Make healthy and practically achievable resolutions and stick to them! Kick start your fresh year by eating right, exercising, keeping stress at minimum and abandoning ill habits of smoking and drinking.

  • Thyroid Disorder: Symptoms, Causes & Prevention

    Thyroid Disorder: Symptoms, Causes & Prevention

    Today, work is the highest priority for everyone. Sedentary lifestyle and stressful work culture have led to increasing health problems. By the virtue of hormones, the thyroid gland secretes and controls almost every function of the body. The hectic lifestyle changes has put a lot of pressure on this butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck. Thyroid disorders range from goiter to thyroid cancer and could affect anyone in many different ways. According to the stats provided by Health and Family Welfare Statistics in India 2013; there is one patient in every 2000 who suffers from thyroid disorder. Let’s get to know more about Thyroid Disease and it’s Symptoms

  • What you need to know about Alzheimer disease

    What you need to know about Alzheimer disease

    Alzheimer’s is the mental deterioration which occurs progressively in the middle or old age. It is the commonest form of dementia and a generalized term used for memory loss or some other cognitive abilities which are serious enough to affect the daily routine. It is a progressive disease which hampers the mental state of a person. According to the World Alzheimer Report published in 2015, in India, approximately 4.1 million people are affected with Alzheimer Disease.

  • Identify Stroke Symptoms

    Identify Stroke Symptoms

    See That Stroke Coming

    A stroke is a medical condition in which the brain cells die because of the lack of oxygen. The patient may lose speech, there could be a problem with memory, or one or both sides of the body can become paralyzed.

  • Hypothyroid Fat to Fab Journey Tips

    Hypothyroid Fat to Fab Journey Tips

    In India, about 42 million people are suffering from a thyroid disorder. Hypothyroidism is the condition when the thyroid gland produces low thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland absorbs iodine from food and converts into growth hormones. Thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH) controls the functioning of thyroid glands. 

    • High TSH levels result in hypothyroidism. 
    • Conversely, low TSH levels indicate hyperthyroidism.
  • UTI Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

    UTI Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

    UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) - Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

    Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are bacterial infections that affect the kidneys, urinary bladder, and ureters. These are one of the most common infections which require a doctor visit every year. 
    UTI is divided into – 

    • Upper UTI, which covers the kidneys and ureters
    • Lower UTI, which includes the bladder and urethra
Take a Self Assessment DNA Test based on Immunity, Health, Nutrition, Fitness and Habits to know better about your lifestyle DNAwise.
Analyse My Health
Article Call

Get a Call From Health Advisor


Why Choose Indus Health Plus?
loadArticlevideo Load Article Video
Hey, How can I Help You Today? chatbot