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Creatinine is a metabolic waste product produced by the metabolic activity of the body muscles. Creatinine is the determining factor to detect whether the kidneys are a function or not. The kidney functions to eliminate most of the creatinine out of the body via urine. When the kidneys are working well they efficiently excrete creatinine but high creatinine levels in the blood show chronic kidney disease (CKD).
CKD is a kidney disease that gradually shows its symptoms and is classified into 5 stages according to the severity of kidney failure (the ability to eliminate waste from the body). The kidney function is measured by Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR). A mathematical formula involving the age, gender, race, and serum creatinine levels is used to calculate GFR. Blood tests are thus ordered to detect the stages of CKD.
The normal levels of creatinine in the blood are 0.6 to 1.2 milligrams (mg) per deciliter (dL) in adult males and 0.5 to 1.1 mg/dL in adult females. You can find the level of creatinine in the blood high at times.
An individual with single functional kidney may have normal creatinine levels between 1.8-1.9. The creatinine levels reach ?2.0 (babies) and 5.0 (adults) when he/she is suffering from severe kidney impairment. This may then require kidney transplantation or dialysis treatment.
Different symptoms of kidney dysfunction associated with high serum creatinine levels include fatigue, feeling dehydrated, edema, nausea, vomiting, confusion, dry skin, and neuropathy.
Having low levels of blood creatinine levels is uncommon but it can occur due to conditions causing muscle loss. There is nothing much to worry about lower levels of blood creatinine.
Kidney health is an important factor that should be taken into consideration while performing master health checkup or opting for complete body checkup package. Serum creatinine levels play an important role in the detection of the stages of CKD. So get in touch with our Indus Health Plus experts and learn more about the health checkup packages that include creatinine tests.