This article briefs about throat cancer diagnosis methods and various available treatments to cure the disease.
Throat Cancer Diagnosis
There are mainly four throat cancer detection processes:
It is a surgical process where a small cancerous tissue is removed and examined For the diagnosis of this cancer, there are three different kinds of biopsy methods that are further used to facilitate throat cancer cure:
Conventional incisional biopsy
This is the traditional and widely used biopsy method where a part or the whole cancerous tissue is removed.
Fine-needle-aspiration biopsy (FNA)
This method is mostly used when a lump is found in the neck. The process includes the injection of a thin needle into the suspected part and cells from there are withdrawn and examined under a microscope.
A long, thin lighted tube (endoscope) is inserted through the mouth or nose for removing the sample cancerous tissue.
Images are taken by different processes to locate and examine the cancerous tissue or the tumor.
CT or CAT:
Computed axial tomography scans
Positron emission tomography scans
magnetic resonance imaging scans
It is a set of X-rays of the esophagus and stomach to locate the throat cancer and examine how well the patient can swallow. The method is also known as an upper GI (gastrointestinal) series.
It is a method that enables the doctors to check how well the patients can swallow.
Throat Cancer Treatment
One thing to keep in mind is that throat cancer treatment cost is always on higher side.
The throat cancer surgery is the method of removing cancerous parts of the throat surgically. In case of small tumor, the surgeries are often successful; however, if the tumor is large and has spread through the other parts of the body, it may require removal of whole parts jaw or voice box.
High dose of radiations are used to remove or kill the cancerous cells thereby accelerating throat cancer recovery.
This involves injection of the drugs through mouth or directly targeting the cancerous tissue to remove and kill the throat cancer.
- Best possible throat cancer prevention is quitting smoking and drinking.