Osteoporosis is a condition in which our bones become brittle and weak. Below statistics speak volumes about osteoporosis in women:
- Out of 2 women, 1 woman above 50 years is at the risk of this condition.
- It has been estimated that 200 million women have been affected by osteoporosis worldwide.
It is true that women are at a greater risk of osteoporosis than men. Risk of osteoporosis in women is due to the inherent low bone density in women and because women lose bone mass more quickly as they age as compared to men.
Causes of Osteoporosis:
Let's discuss some of the causes of osteoporosis in women:
Bone loss gains momentum when oestrogen levels drop after menopause. When this loss is not compromised the bones become brittle and weak.
Other Hormonal Imbalance:
Hormones like growth hormone and parathyroid hormone regulate in controlling the bone loss. When the levels of parathyroid hormone increase it leads to loss of calcium. Calcium loss results in weaker bones.
Our bones contain calcium and phosphorus. Calcium is necessary for the body. When there is a deficiency of calcium, organs like heart, muscles, and nerves restore the calcium from the bones. If this happens for a long time, then our bones become weak.
Physical inactivity in the long run, leads to weakening of bones.
Low bone density levels are seen in smokers; that consequently lead to a higher risk of fractures.
Let us get know what are the osteoporosis symptoms:
- Back pain
- Postural changes in body
- Recurrent fractures
Just like osteoporosis, there is a condition called osteoarthritis. Causes of osteoarthritis are as a result of the degenerative changes that occur in osteoporosis.
Lifestyle Changes for Avoiding Osteoporosis:
Let's discuss some really easy lifestyle changes for avoiding osteoporosis or prevention of osteoporosis.
- Healthy Diet: Your diet should include -
- Fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grains
- Calcium rich foods
- Vitamin D: by foods rich in /optimum exposure to the sun
- Avoid/quit smoking
- Avoid/limit alcohol
- Limit caffeine use
- Stay active and fit
- Keep a check on your health status with a regular health checkup.