Health Problems

Tuberculosis (TB) Causes, Risk Factors, Test and Prevention

Tuberculosis (TB) is known to be an infectious and fatal condition that is caused by bacteria called mycobacteria tuberculosis which affects lungs. Since it is infectious, it often leads to other health complications because a person infected with tuberculosis has a very low immunity.

Tuberculosis (TB) Causes, Risk Factors, Test and Prevention

Tuberculosis Statistics & Facts

  • In the recent times, WHO over 10.4 million cases of Tuberculosis were reported.
  • Over 1.8 million tuberculosis patients succumbed to the disease. This makes TB the topmost infectious killer disease!
  • Tuberculosis is the 2nd largest single infectious agent killer worldwide.
  • India shares 2.2 million case of tuberculosis out of global prevalence of 9.6 million, thus making India the country with highest number of Tuberculosis cases.
  • As per reports around 40% of the population in India is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria, majority being having latent rather than active tuberculosis.
  • Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is a vaccine for tuberculosis.

Tuberculosis may affect other parts of the body, such as the kidneys, bones, or the brain. Tuberculosis can even be fatal. There are two forms of Tuberculosis:

  • Latent TB infection
  • Active TB disease

Tuberculosis Causes

Tuberculosis is a contagious disease, not easy to catch until a susceptible person work or live with an infected active TB person. It is spread by droplet transmission through air, when person:

  • Coughs
  • Sneezes
  • Spits
  • Talks

Tuberculosis Risk Factors

An immunocompromised person is at an increased risk of developing TB. High risk factors of tuberculosis include:

  • Infants and children have not fully developed immune system
  • Chronic kidney disease or diabetes
  • HIV/AIDS patients
  • Organ transplant recipients
  • Cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy
  • Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis or Crohn's disease

Tuberculosis Prevention

Almost any disease can be prevented if detected at an early stage. Once a condition is diagnosed early it becomes easier to prevent or even cure it completely.

  • Vaccination with BCG
  • Treating latent infection before it becomes active
  • Improving the air circulation in indoor spaces, have clean environment
  • Use germicidal UV lamps to kill airborne bacteria in the buildings
  • Go to physician if these symptoms are persistent - lasting cough, fatigue, chest pain, coughing up blood, sweating at night, fever, loss of appetite, and weight loss
  • Using Directly Observed Therapy (DOT) in people diagnosed with TB (latent or active)
  • Take all medication until it is cured

Mass reduction in the prevalence of Tuberculosis can be achieved by bringing out mass awareness of signs and symptoms. Regular health screenings will help you be aware of your health status.


REMEMBER - Tuberculosis is a completely curable disease, but if left undetected can be fatal.

To know your health status, opt for the comprehensive health checkup packages provided by Indus Health Plus, a preventive health checkup specialist.

Are you looking to modify your lifestyle and habits to improve the quality of your life? Answer simple questions related to your Immunity, Fitness, Nutrition, Health and Habits check your health assessment. View More

Was This Article Helpful?

Yes No
People Talked About Us
Mr. Anand AgarwalKhargone

PREVENTION: THE FOUNDATION OF HAPPY, HEALTHY LIFE & PEACE OF MIND… A good lifestyle leads to good health. The reports of your annual health checkups equip you with your personal health information and help you to live better and healthy.

Mr. Atul SaojiAkola

On the occasion of senior citizens' day, our esteemed client shared his family's experience about getting timely intervention for calcium deficiency with health checkups. His brother used to think he's healthy but his test report surprised him! Lifestyle health conditions don't have visible symptoms, and only regular screenings can help to catch them.

Rajesh KhareMadhya Pradesh

Cure costs a lot, prevention doesn't.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

Kuldeep GillNavi Mumbai

Your well-being is our number 1 priority that's why we have fully prepared ourselves to give you a COVID-safe checkup experience.

Dr. Satish PoddarBangalore

I am a loyal customer of Indus health plus since 5years, the executives were very cooperative while my parents were getting operated, in fact, it was successful because of Indus health plus.

Daniel Kirubai

The test was planned in such a way that the time was minimized, optimized and could be done within a short span. Thank you so much Indus health plus.

Ms. Malti Singh SengarNew Delhi

"I took the health checkup package for my mother. The experience at the hospital was incredible. The staff was extremely courteous and made sure that there was no waiting time. The price of the package, the same day delivery of report and the useful doctor counselling made sure that the experience was memorable for me and my mother".

Mr. Gali Vishnu PrasadBangalore

"This was the first time in my life that I had gone for an extensive checkup of my whole body and I could not have chosen a better facilitator than Indus Health Plus. Their representative was with me throughout the day and made sure that the tests were completed at the earliest. The hospitality accorded to me truly made my day".

Mr. Jayesh OvalekarBangalore

"The overall experience was excellent and the test package was extensive. After the doctor’s counselling session, I understood what life style changes I need to make to lead a happy and healthy life. Thank you Indus Health Plus for showing me the right way. I will definitely make sure that my loved ones also undergo these tests".