Healthcare in India

Public Health in India: Issues & Challenges

Public health in India exhibits a peculiar trend. There is a serious gap in health infrastructure on the one hand and a double burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases on the other. In spite of a compound annual growth rate of 15% in the healthcare industry, public health in India is full of paradoxes and challenges that seem to be insurmountable on the face of it. Statistics suggest that India has only 1.5 hospital beds per 1000 population. Ironically, health tourism is also on the rise with people from U.S and U.K coming to India because of the relatively low cost of treatment.

Public Health in India: Issues & Challenges

Again, when we look at certain indicators, health in India seems to be in a state of progress. Life expectancy at birth, for example, has increased from 48.8 years in 1970 to 64.8 years in 2009. However, there is an increasing incidence of deaths from chronic non-communicable diseases , or lifestyle diseases as they are popularly known, among people aged 35 to 60. Simultaneously, a report by PricewaterhouseCoopers suggests that 18.9 crore Indians will be at least 60 years of age by 2025, the implication being an enormous burden on the healthcare infrastructure of India as a result of the growing elderly population.

While the above facts present paradoxes that seem to be deeply entrenched as far as public health in India is concerned, there are serious challenges as well that needs to be focused on. As mentioned before, the healthcare industry in India is presently driven by a double burden of infectious and chronic diseases. Even though certain diseases like polio, leprosy and neonatal tetanus are on the verge of elimination, certain communicable diseases that were supposed to be under control have re-emerged as life threatening health issues because of resistance to drugs. In addition to that there has been a serious rise in lifestyle ailments like heart diseases, cancers or diabetes. This has happened largely because of an increase of people in the middle income group with a larger amount disposable income and an adoption of unhealthy western lifestyle involving diet high in fat and sugar content.

Lifestyle diseases claimed more than 52 lakh lives in the year 2008. Heart related diseases have the highest share in that. Diabetes on the other hand has become the most alarming health issue with regard to public health in India. While there were only 2.1% diabetics in urban India in the 1970s, the number has grown to 12.1% for adults above the age of 20. Latest study by International Diabetes Federation suggests that there were 36.6 crore diabetics all over the world in 2011, out of which 6.1 crore were from India, justifying the nation to be the diabetes capital of the world.

Given the issues and challenges public health in India, there will always be a gap in terms of healthcare resources (doctors, paramedical staff, hospital beds, technology, medicines, etc.) and the number of people who require health care in any form. Hence, preventive health care would be  an alternative  and effective strategy  rather than  consolidating resources on curative services. The case for preventive healthcare is made even stronger by the fact that almost 80% of all lifestyle diseases can be prevented by modifying health habits and detecting the possibility or the onset of a disease at a very early stage through preventive health screening. Moreover preventive healthcare also helps prevent premature death or debilitating disability through early detection of such chronic diseases.

References:

  1. Healthcare in India, Emerging Market Report 2007 - PricewaterhouseCoopers
  2. Kaplan NM. Systemic hypertension: Treatment. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 46.
  3. Medical Industry Diagnosis: Triage for Health Care and New Vision for Life Sciences
  4. IDF Diabetes Atlas - International Diabetes Federation

 

The Indian population especially the youth has been facing a rise in some serious conditions such as cancer, obesity, high blood pressure and so on. Timely preventive health checkups can help us to stay away from them. Indus Health Plus has brought family health checkup, which gives you an idea about the status of your body. A complete insight into your health helps you take the necessary steps. Having a proper treatment without wasting time is always beneficial to avoid possible complications. 

Are you looking to modify your lifestyle and habits to improve the quality of your life? Answer simple questions related to your Immunity, Fitness, Nutrition, Health and Habits check your health assessment. View More

Was This Article Helpful?

Yes No
Article Call

Get a Call From Health Advisor

Name
+91

Name
Name
Name
Health Calculator

People Talked About Us
Mr. Anand AgarwalKhargone

PREVENTION: THE FOUNDATION OF HAPPY, HEALTHY LIFE & PEACE OF MIND… A good lifestyle leads to good health. The reports of your annual health checkups equip you with your personal health information and help you to live better and healthy.

Mr. Atul SaojiAkola

On the occasion of senior citizens' day, our esteemed client shared his family's experience about getting timely intervention for calcium deficiency with health checkups. His brother used to think he's healthy but his test report surprised him! Lifestyle health conditions don't have visible symptoms, and only regular screenings can help to catch them.

Rajesh KhareMadhya Pradesh

Cure costs a lot, prevention doesn't.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

Kuldeep GillNavi Mumbai

Your well-being is our number 1 priority that's why we have fully prepared ourselves to give you a COVID-safe checkup experience.

Dr. Satish PoddarBangalore

I am a loyal customer of Indus health plus since 5years, the executives were very cooperative while my parents were getting operated, in fact, it was successful because of Indus health plus.

Daniel Kirubai

The test was planned in such a way that the time was minimized, optimized and could be done within a short span. Thank you so much Indus health plus.

Ms. Malti Singh SengarNew Delhi

"I took the health checkup package for my mother. The experience at the hospital was incredible. The staff was extremely courteous and made sure that there was no waiting time. The price of the package, the same day delivery of report and the useful doctor counselling made sure that the experience was memorable for me and my mother".

Mr. Gali Vishnu PrasadBangalore

"This was the first time in my life that I had gone for an extensive checkup of my whole body and I could not have chosen a better facilitator than Indus Health Plus. Their representative was with me throughout the day and made sure that the tests were completed at the earliest. The hospitality accorded to me truly made my day".

Mr. Jayesh OvalekarBangalore

"The overall experience was excellent and the test package was extensive. After the doctor’s counselling session, I understood what life style changes I need to make to lead a happy and healthy life. Thank you Indus Health Plus for showing me the right way. I will definitely make sure that my loved ones also undergo these tests".