What’s an SGPT test/ALT?
This is a blood test that measures an enzyme made in the liver called Alanine Transaminase (ALT). It is released into the blood when tissues are damaged. This enzyme is also called serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).
Why is this test done
ALT/SGPT test checks and measures liver damage. It also checks the effects of cholesterol-lowering medications that affect the liver. Liver diseases are amongst the most severe diseases in India, and around ten lakh new patients are diagnosed each year. According to World Health Organization (WHO), it is the tenth most common cause of death in India. Diagnosing a liver disease at its initial stages can enable a better treatment plan.
How the SGPT test is done to detect liver disorder?
It is similar to any other blood test where the blood is drawn from a vein in the arm.
What does high ALT level signify?
Here are some reasons why your ALT level can be higher than the standard range:
Liver damage due to acute viral infections such as hepatitis
Liver damage due to the medicine intake
Consumption of excess alcohol
Liver or gallbladder disease including liver cancer, liver failure and gallstones
Who should get SGPT test done?
Individuals with a history of hepatitis viruses exposure
Individuals with a family history of liver diseases
Individuals who consume liver-damaging drugs
Individuals who are overweight and/or have diabetes
What symptoms to observe that may require SGPT test?
Loss of appetite
How long it takes to get the results?
The blood samples are processed within a few hours or a day to get the results. If the test shows positive signs, the doctor may advise you for additional tests to figure out the exact problem.
Are these tests safe?
The ALT test is safe with minimal risks. Some might experience lightheadedness for some time.
How to prepare for the test?
Some medications known to interfere with the test results are to be avoided before the test. Your doctor should be aware of all the supplements, herbs or medicines you take and you should also consult with him before stopping any of your regular medications.
Going for a health checkup might seem daunting to you, however, it’s essential and should be done regularly. At Indus, we specialize in handholding you through the entire process. Our Full Body Checkup has 60 tests including 3 Liver Function Tests to analyze the healthiness of your complete body. Even for healthy persons, annual Complete Health Checkups are required to keep oneself in good health. Our care team would be happy to sort out all your queries about finding the health status of your body and organs through a Full Body Checkup.
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SGPT exists predominantly in the liver and leaks into the bloodstream when produced in excess. The SGPT normal range is about 7 to 56 units per liter of blood serum. Thus, very high level of SGPT in the blood can be an indication of damage or problems related to the liver. Certain diseases like cirrhosis and hepatitis raise the blood serum SGPT levels, so do specific medications including statin used to lower cholesterol.
Our liver has the most important function in our body. It filters the blood coming from the digestive tract, and also detoxifies it and metabolizes drugs. It becomes imperative, therefore to take care of our liver. Keeping a track of the SGPT levels in our blood, we can be well informed about the functioning of our liver. The liver is considered to be ill-functioned if the level of SGPT is high. These changed levels can be checked with SGPT blood test. On the basis of the results of this test, the future corrective action can be planned by a doctor.
Liver disease can be avoided with simple preventive actions and proper diet.
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