People are more conscious about their appearance in today's world. Just having a good or healthy appearance does not help, you should be healthy from inside. Many research studies have recently revealed that if you are fat, overweight obese you are prone to a variety of serious health issues. Since we are talking about fat, do you know the fats we consume from foods are metabolized (broken down) in the liver? Now imagine what will happen in case this fat is accumulated in the liver itself? Let's get to know more about this condition called fatty liver.
As a normal process, the fat content of the food we eat is metabolized (broken down) in the liver. When there is an abnormality in the process fat metabolization, this fat slowly keeps on accumulating in the liver excessively. The fat accumulation in the liver leads to the condition termed as fatty liver.
There are 3 types of fatty liver diseases
This is the commonest and comparatively the least complicated one. It can be managed and treated easily with simple lifestyle changes.
Steatorrhea itself means an excess of fat in the stools. In this advanced type of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, there is swelling in and around the fatty liver cells. This can lead to the chronic liver disease called as liver cirrhosis (fibrous thickening of liver tissue)
As the name suggests, this condition results from excessive consumption of alcohol.
Fatty liver is mostly an asymptomatic condition in its early stage. As the fat accumulation increases some of the following symptoms are seen
At a later stage, the liver swells up and display symptoms like:
The known and common risk factors of fatty liver disease are:
The less common risk factors are:
Some serious complications of a fatty liver include:
Fatty liver can be treated and managed by making some adjustments to our lifestyle and controlling the underlying causes. Some ways by which fatty liver can be controlled are:
Keeping a check on what you eat works best in managing a fatty liver. Some dietary recommendations are
This is a highly preventable condition. Prevention plays a major role as the condition may not display any prominent symptoms. Fatty liver can be prevented as mentioned in the management of fatty liver section. Some important tips for its prevention are:
Also, since the symptoms are usually not pronounced, a regular preventive health checkup is an ideal method to detect a fatty liver. Also, an early detection of this condition can prevent its most fatal complications like liver cirrhosis or even liver cancer.
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