People are more conscious about their appearance in today's world. Just having a good or healthy appearance does not help, you should be healthy from inside. Many research studies have recently revealed that if you are fat, overweight obese you are prone to a variety of serious health issues. Since we are talking about fat, do you know the fats we consume from foods are metabolized (broken down) in the liver? Now imagine what will happen in case this fat is accumulated in the liver itself? Let's get to know more about this condition called fatty liver.
As a normal process, the fat content of the food we eat is metabolized (broken down) in the liver. When there is an abnormality in the process fat metabolization, this fat slowly keeps on accumulating in the liver excessively. When this fat accumulation in the liver surpasses the amount of fat our body can tolerate the condition is termed as fatty liver.
There are 3 types of fatty liver diseases
This is the commonest and comparatively the least complicated one. It can be managed and treated easily with simple lifestyle changes.
Steatorrhea itself means an excess of fat in the stools. In this advanced type of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, there is swelling in and around the fatty liver cells. This can lead to the chronic liver disease called as liver cirrhosis (fibrous thickening of liver tissue)
As the name suggests, this condition results from excessive consumption of alcohol.
Fatty liver is mostly an asymptomatic condition in its early stage. As the fat accumulation increases some of the following symptoms are seen
At a later stage, the liver swells up and display symptoms like:
The known and common risk factors of fatty liver disease are:
The less common risk factors are:
Some serious complications of a fatty liver include:
Fatty liver can be treated and managed by making some adjustments to our lifestyle and controlling the underlying causes. Some ways by which fatty liver can be controlled are:
Keeping a check on what you eat works best in managing a fatty liver. Some dietary recommendations are
This is a highly preventable condition. Prevention plays a major role as the condition may not display any prominent symptoms. Fatty liver can be prevented as mentioned in the management of fatty liver section. Some important tips for its prevention are:
Also, since the symptoms are usually not pronounced, a regular preventive health checkup is an ideal method to detect a fatty liver. Also, an early detection of this condition can prevent its most fatal complications like liver cirrhosis or even liver cancer.
A regular health checkup is the smartest and easiest way to protect your health. Indus Health Plus, the preventive health specialist offers full body checkup packages. These packages cover most of the comprehensive tests and give you a complete health profile.
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What’s an SGPT test/ALT?
This is a blood test that measures an enzyme made in the liver called Alanine Transaminase (ALT). It is released into the blood when tissues are damaged. This enzyme is also called serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT).
The liver plays a vital role in digestion by providing necessary biochemicals and helps in metabolism. Malfunctioning of the liver could lead to dangerous health conditions. Hence, it is crucial to take proper care of our liver. Some bad habits, poor diet and unhealthy lifestyle, can affect the liver and lead to certain diseases. In India, around 10 lakh patients are diagnosed with liver cirrhosis every year.
The liver plays a crucial role in metabolism by providing necessary biochemicals and thus performs several essential activities. Failing to take proper care of the liver can lead to some severe disorders such as fatty liver diseases. The risk is so immense that it is the tenth most common cause of death in India according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
The bottomline of a healthy body is a healthy liver. Liver assists in a lot of body functions and also flushes out toxins and helps in metabolism. Taking care of the liver becomes easy when you make a healthy lifestyle your habit. Following a healthy lifestyle keeps you fit and also keeps your liver away from diseases. Everything that you consume, including medicines and alcohol is filtered by your liver. Hence, it is an important organ for the body to function properly. Prevention is always better than cure, so taking care of your liver can help you in avoiding treatments and complications. SGPT & SGOT are the enzymes produced by your liver & its cells. High SGPT/SGOT is an indication of liver cell injury, they need to be detected through regular health checkups.
SGPT exists predominantly in the liver and leaks into the bloodstream when produced in excess. The SGPT normal range is about 7 to 56 units per liter of blood serum. Thus, very high level of SGPT in the blood can be an indication of damage or problems related to the liver. Certain diseases like cirrhosis and hepatitis raise the blood serum SGPT levels, so do specific medications including statin used to lower cholesterol.
Our liver has the most important function in our body. It filters the blood coming from the digestive tract, and also detoxifies it and metabolizes drugs. It becomes imperative, therefore to take care of our liver. Keeping a track of the SGPT levels in our blood, we can be well informed about the functioning of our liver. The liver is considered to be ill-functioned if the level of SGPT is high. These changed levels can be checked with SGPT blood test. On the basis of the results of this test, the future corrective action can be planned by a doctor.
Liver disease can be avoided with simple preventive actions and proper diet.
Alcohol - the world's largest and most commonly consumed drug! The impact of alcohol on your body starts almost instantly (from the first sip only). An occasional glass of wine doesn't seem like a concern to most of us, however, the cumulative effects of occasional and binge drinking can take you for a ride.