The actual cause of colon cancer is the rapid growth of altered cells (cancerous cells). Other common causes vary from person to person depending on several factors. However, there are certain risk factors everyone should be aware of.
Colon Cancer Risk Factors
Statistics show that majority of people suffering from colon cancer are older than 50, though the younger people are also diagnosed with the disease, but the ratio of occurrence is much lesser.
The studies show that people who indulge in excessive consumption of red and processed meat are at higher risk of getting the colon cancer. In other words, meals with high animal fat and cholesterol could be the major reason of the colon cancer. Diet high in fiber can be helpful to reduce the risk of colon cancer.
Personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps
Medical history of polyps, intestinal inflammation or cancers can impact the chances of developing colon cancer.
Smoking and alcohol
Long-term smoking can be the reason of the colon cancer. The inhalation of tobacco smoke transports carcinogens to the bowel and the use of tobacco increase the size of polyp.
People who have exceeded the recommended weight come in the obese category. These people have the higher risk of having the colon cancer than the people with normal weight.
The gender is also a risk factor of colon cancer, as it is seen that the males have higher rate of suffering from colon cancer than the females.
Family history and genetics
The studies suggest that 25% of the colon cases had the family history of colon cancer. The mutation leading to familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer are one of the major genetic cause of colon cancer.
Polyps in the colon are the main reason of colon cancer, as they develop from the adenomatous polyps in the bowel. A personal or family history of polyps increase the risk of colon cancer.
Inflammatory colon disease
Continuous inflammatory disease of the intestine for example, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, raises the risk of colon cancer. In other words, the older the inflammatory intestinal conditions, the greater would be the risk of colon cancer.