The post contains brief knowledge about liver cancer detection and its available treatments.
Liver Cancer Diagnosis Tests
There are certain tests to diagnose the liver cancer:
Blood Tests and Serum Marker Test
The serum marker test is used to measure the amount of certain cancerous substance. The alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) can be seen in higher level in case of liver cancer. Liver enzymes are often elevated, indicating an underlying liver problem.
Computed Tomography (CT scan)
X-rays with different frequencies are used to take precise location and size of the images of the organ.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
This test produces highly clear images of human body by using magnetic waves, radio wave and computer angiogram. Sometimes a dye is also used in these tests to view the inside of the liver tissue more clearly.
A thin lighted tube is used to observe the interior of the liver. The laparoscopy is used for biopsy (removal or examination of tissue under microscope), which is most reliable way to diagnose the cancer.
Liver Cancer Treatment
The treatment of liver cancer can be done by methodologies such as chemotherapy, surgery or percutaneous ethanol injection.
Liver cancer cure depends on the factors such as a person's health or the functioning of the liver or the levels of alpha-fetoprotein.
Surgeries are most common treatment of the cancers. There are three kinds of surgeries of liver cancer:
A process to kill cancerous tissue with the help of electrodes.
The process includes the removal of some parts of the liver by starting from a small wedge to the whole are.
Total hepatectomy and liver transplant
Replacing the liver with some other person's (donor) liver.
This is administration of medication to kill the cancerous cells administered through oral or intravenous route.