Yes - you CAN prevent cervical cancer!!
Thankfully, cervical cancer is among one such cancers which can be easily detected at an early stage and therefore have a higher rate of survival. Though not 100% fool proof, but regular cervical screening in every 3-5 years is the best way to detect abnormal changes within the cells of the cervix.
As we know, Regular screening checkups are aimed at detecting cancer at an initial stage, when it is more curable and to look for changes which could become cancerous if not treated.
Follow the following in order to prevent cervical cancer.
Pap smear test
A Pap smear is a test where a sample of cells is taken from a woman's cervix. This test is used to look for any changes in the cellular structure of the cervix that show cancer or conditions which that develop into cancer in the coming time.
It is a great tool to detect any pre-cancerous conditions and small, hidden tumors that may lead to cervical cancer one day.
Pap smear screening test should begin as early as the age of 21. A routine screening is usually recommended every three years for women above 21 to 65 years old. Screening can be done every five years for women who are 30 to 65 years of age and have a normal Pap test with a negative HPV test result.
Women who smoke or are regular passive smokers have a higher risk for cervical cancer. Quitting smoking can increase the rate of negative HPV test result.
Females of the age 26 or younger can get the HPV vaccine. The vaccine protect against human papillomavirus (HPV) that cause cervical cancer.
Avoid sexual relationships with unknown partners
HPV spreads through sexually transmission. Before beginning a sexual relationship, talk to your partner for any history of STI’s. Not having multiple sexual partners is a safe way to prevent the contraction of HPV through sexual contact.
Using a CONDOM is most recommended if the health status of the sexual partner is not known. HPV can be spread to or from the genitals, anus, or mouth during sexual activities.