The post here gives a brief introduction of symptoms, stages, types and ovarian cancer diet.
Causes of Ovarian Cancer
The cause of any cancer is the genetic mutation of the cells, which means DNA of the cells get damaged and results into the abnormality. These damaged cells are called the cancerous cells. These cancerous cells grow abnormally and start replacing the normal cells also.
The cause of this genetic mutation is still unclear.
Ovarian Cancer Early Symptoms
There are no early symptoms of this cancer. Usually it get detects at a late stages when the cancer has spread through the ovary to the other surrounding parts.
Symptoms of the cancer:
- Abdominal bloating or swelling
- Not able to eat proper, feeling full quickly
- Sudden weight loss
- Discomfort in pelvic area
- Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
- A frequent need to urinate
Ovarian Cancer Risk factors
The actual causes are unknown for the cancer; however, there are some risk factors that affect probability of getting the cancer.
- Environmental factors
- Age at which menstruation starts and stops
- Never getting pregnant
- Inherited mutation
Ovarian Cancer Types
There are almost 30 types of the ovarian cancer based on the cells it starts from. These cells are then classified into three common categories from where the cancerous ovarian tumor can start.
- Epithelial ovarian cancer
- Germ Cell cancer
- Borderline ovarian tumors
Ovarian Cancer Stages
The ovarian cancer stages have been categorized into four different levels from stage 1 to stage 4. These stages can be found by the process of ovarian cancer screening.
For the treatment of this cancer there are several different methods available, including chemotherapy, biopsy and radiation therapy.
Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer
The ovarian cancer detection starts with a pelvic examination. Other tests would include
- Imaging tests: Ultrasound & CT scans.
- Blood test to help to detect the proteins found on surface of ovaries.
- Surgery to remove the cancerous tissue for further examination.
Ovarian Cancer Prevention
The preventions of this cancer are as unclear as the causes are. However, there are some common prevention tips that can help reducing the risk of cancer.
- Avoiding usage of oral contraceptives, especially for more than 10 years
- Prolonged breast-feeding
- Daily use of aspirin
Ovarian Cancer Prognosis
The worldwide survey on this cancer shows that:
- 72 out of 100, meaning, 72% of ovarian cancer patients have survival rate of 1 year after the diagnosis.
- 46% of women suffering from the disease have survival rate of 5 years.