Prostate cancer is a serious condition that affects the prostate gland in men’s. The prostate is a small sized gland found in a man’s lower abdomen, located under the urinary bladder. Prostate cancer develops when abnormal cells develop in the prostate.
The prostate cancer is generally a slow grade disease and most of the men suffering from this type of cancer live long years without any symptoms and become lethal. However, there are a few cases of high-grade prostate cancer which spread quickly and become life-threatening. Timely detection and apposite management of the disease is the key.
The early stages of cancer are asymptomatic; however, as cancer develops you may observe the following symptoms:
After the screening for prostate cancer, your physician will recommend a physical exam and a few tests to confirm the diagnosis. These tests include:
This is a blood test that checks levels of prostate-specific antigen in your blood. High levels of PSA may indicate prostate cancer. However, high PSA levels do not necessarily mean you have prostate cancer. Thus you may talk to your doctor when to undergo a PSA test.
Normal PSA levels in the blood are 4.0 ng/mL and lower. In the case of a confirmed diagnosis of cancer in the prostate gland, this test can be used for grading or staging purposes.
Early detection and timely treatment of this cancer can be key to a positive outcome. For men with local or regional prostate cancer, the 5-year survival rate is nearly 100%. Around 98% of men are alive after 10 years of cancer. For those men diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer, the 5-year survival rate is just 30%.
Various treatment options for this cancer are listed below:
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