Diabetes, when not under control can damage the intricate filtering system of kidneys, which can lead to kidney failure or even irreversible end-stage kidney disease. This may end up as requiring dialysis or even a kidney transplant. Diabetics should go for regular urine testing to look for diabetic nephropathy.
Excess sugar in the blood can injure the walls of tiny blood vessels that nourish the nerve supply, especially in the legs. This may lead to numbness, tingling sensation in the feet, burning or pain that begins from the toes or fingers of hands and then gradually spreads upward. This may lead to loss of sensation in the affected limbs. If the superficial skin of a diabetic becomes numb and he feels no sensation, he may not notice small ulcers or wounds that may end up as bigger health issues.
Diabetics should regularly check the feet and hands for any abnormal redness, cracks or skin breakout. If any of these symptoms are seen, they must immediately consult the physician.
Diabetes can harm the blood vessels of the retina in the eye and in the worse scenario can end up in blindness. Diabetes also increases the risk of cataracts and glaucoma.
All diabetics must visit an ophthalmologist annually.
Diabetes may cause gastroparesis, a condition where the nerves to the stomach get damaged and do not work properly. Due to this the stomach may take much longer to empty its contents. This makes it difficult to manage the glucose levels in the blood.
Diabetes may lead to erectile dysfunction, a leading cause of impotence. This is due to the impairments in nerve, blood vessel and muscle function, which leads to poor erection. Therefore, even if the diabetic patient has normal male hormones and desire to have sex, he may still not be able to achieve a firm erection.
Skin Problems and infections
Diabetes may make one prone to several skin problems, including a range of bacterial and fungal infections. A high level of sugar in the blood provides a suitable breeding ground for organisms to grow. This can also diminishes the body’s ability to heal itself.
Diabetics face a higher percentage of dental and oral health issues because of uncontrolled diabetes as it impairs white blood cells, which are body’s main line of defence against infections. With a poor history of dental hygiene, gum infections also become common among diabetics.
Poorly controlled diabetes may lead to lower than normal bone mineral density, which increasing the risk of osteoporosis.
So now since you know what all uncontrolled diabetes can lead to, keep a regular watch on the sugar levels and practice healthy lifestyle and monitor the risk factors.