Colon cancer forms in the tissues of large intestine. The cancer is largely known as colon cancer or rectal cancer. Colon cancer and rectal cancer (forms in the last several inches of the colon), if found together, are called colorectal cancers.
Causes of this cancer are often not clear, however, specialists say that colon cancer occurs when healthy cells in the intestine start changing/altering. The body functions properly when healthy cells in body divide in a regular and orderly manner. A single cell, which gets damaged or gets cancerous, keeps dividing (even when there is no need of new cells) and starts spreading the cancer in the tissue and damages the nearby tissue. These cells can also travel through the other body parts.
Factors that can increase the risk of colon cancer
Test (tests) to find pre-cancer and cancer
Tests that specifially find colorectal cancer
Low fiber and high fat diet, such as, beef, pork, lamb, liver, hot dog or similar food increase the risk of colon cancer. The meat which has been cooked at high temperature releases certain cancer causing chemical. On the other side, high fiber and nutrition rich food, like, vegetables, fruits and whole gains help in decreasing the risk of colon cancer. The colon cancer can be prevented by the right food choices, a healthy routine and staying away from smoking and drinking.
The colon cancer has four stages defined by the number of abnormal cells:
Cancer takes place in the innermost layer (mucosa) of the intestine wall and has already spread to the upper layer of mucosa. It might be possible that cancer has spread to muscle layer in this stage.
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