Cancer in the cervix (mouth) of uterus is called cervical cancer. The uterus (also known as the womb) is where the baby grows during pregnancy.
Cervical cancer is the number 1 cancer death cause in Indian women. It is more prevalent in lower socio-economic women.
All women can be at a risk for cervical cancer as it is occurs due to contraction of a virus. HPV (Human papillomavirus) causes cervical cancer and it gets passed on from one person to another during sexual contact. Usually it occurs in women over the age of 30.
Cervical cancer develops when normal cells of the cervix grow uncontrollably, forming a mass (tumour). This tumour can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous (malignant) tumour can spread to other parts of the body and can prove fatal if not detected early and left untreated. Wherein a benign tumour is largely harmless and does not spread.
At some point of time, all sexually active women come in contact with this virus but mostly their bodies are able to fight the HPV infection. But at times the virus leads to cancer.
The woman is at a higher risk of developing cervical cancer post HPV infection if she smokes, have multiple children, used birth control pills for a long time or has HIV infection.
It takes several years for normal cells in the cervix to turn into cancer cells, therefore cervical cancer may not cause symptoms initially. As it grows, pelvic pain, discharge or bleeding from the vagina is noticed.
Regular screening tests in sexually active women can pick the initial changes in the cells of cervix, which may lead to cancer in later stages.
Therefore, preventive healthcare plays a vital role in combating cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer is one of the common and serious conditions in women. Early detection of this life-threatening disease is possible through routine screening of the body. Indus Health Plus offers a master health checkup plan which gives a detailed analysis of your health status. Through such detailed examinations, many deadly conditions can be detected and treated in their early stages. Fill up the form to know more about the disease or checkup plans.
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Like all other cancers, there may not be symptoms in the early stages of cervical cancer.
As the cancer advances, indications begin to appear.
While there could be several factors putting women at risk for cervical cancer but for almost all cervical cancer cases the cause remains to be an infection from human papillomavirus (HPV).
Thankfully, not all infections with HPV cause cervical cancer. Most women get the HPV infection in their lifetime but the infectivity gets cleared on their own in some years. So for a full blown cervical cancer, other risk factors have a major role to play in culminating it to develop it as a cancerous disease.
Cervical cancer is the cancer of cervix (mouth of uterus) most commonly caused by HPV (human peppilomavirus). If the cancer is suspected and results of biopsy and other tests confirm the diagnosis of cervical cancer, the treating physician will order some more tests to find out the type and extent of cancer you have and metastasis (spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body) has set in?
The earlier cervical cancer gets detected, more likely it is to be successfully treated. Women must begin cervical cancer screening at age 21, if they are sexually active by that time.
Yes - you CAN prevent cervical cancer!!
Thankfully, cervical cancer is among one such cancers which can be easily detected at an early stage and therefore have a higher rate of survival. Though not 100% fool proof, but regular cervical screening in every 3-5 years is the best way to detect abnormal changes within the cells of the cervix.
As we know, Regular screening checkups are aimed at detecting cancer at an initial stage, when it is more curable and to look for changes which could become cancerous if not treated.
Globally, cervical cancer is the 2nd most leading cancer in females. It is mainly caused by a virus called Human Papillomavirus (HPV). We will look at how and why cervical cancer is such a huge threat and also get to know some important facts related to it.