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High SGPT Level: Causes, Symptoms & Tests

high sgpt level causes symptoms

The liver performs several vital functions that include storing vitamins, glycogen synthesis, bile production, detoxification of blood, making proteins, cholesterol and triglycerides and so on. In short, the liver plays a vital role in maintaining your health. Thus, keeping your liver in good condition is of paramount importance for you.

What is SGPT?

SGPT is a medical abbreviation of Serum Glutamic Pyruvate Transaminase. It is a sensitive indicator to measure the amount of an enzyme named Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase (GPT) in the blood. It is produced by the liver and is present in all other types of cells in a small amount. However, it is present in the liver in the highest concentration.

What is the normal range of SGPT?

The SGPT normal range is about 7 to 56 units per liter of blood serum. However, the ranges of SGPT may vary slightly depending on the protocols and the techniques used by different laboratories. SGPT is also known as Alanine aminotransferase (ALT).

What is higher level of SGPT?

SGPT exists predominantly in the liver and leaks into the bloodstream when produced in excess. Thus, very high level of SGPT in the blood can be an indication of damage or problems related to the liver. Certain diseases like cirrhosis and hepatitis raise the blood serum SGPT levels, so do specific medications including statin used to lower cholesterol.

Know the High SGPT Level Symptoms:
The symptoms include -

  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Leg swelling
  • Shortness of breath
  • Excessive bleeding or bruising
  • Jaundice

If you find these warning signs, you need to immediately consult your doctor and undergo SGPT blood test which will help you know whether your SGPT level is normal.

What causes high SGPT?

There are many conditions and diseases, which can result in increased SGPT level.

  • Drinking Alcohol
  • Acute viral hepatitis A and B
  • Celiac disease
  • Diabetes
  • Heart attack
  • Obesity
  • Hepatitis C
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis)
  • Dermatomyositis

Why SGPT test is done?

The SGPT test is highly reliable and its results bring many important benefits to the patient. The test facilitates you to check whether the liver is diseased or damaged. It will also help you know the level of SGPT. It is advisable that you should get the test done during your regular preventive health checkup. The test is useful to detect hepatic failure, viral hepatitis, liver disorder, alcoholism and jaundice.

How to reduce SGPT level?

Diet modifications are needed to lower the SGPT level. Your daily diet should consist of at least one fruit containing vitamin D. Alternatively, you can simply stand out in the sunlight for at least 20 minutes per day to get vitamin D. Couple it with some exercises that will help you stay healthy.

It is always recommended to have a regular checkup with your doctor. The signs and symptoms of high SGPT level may not be noticeable immediately and hence, it is always better to have a preventive approach rather than taking action after the high-level findings. You can get the SGPT blood test done in a renowned hospital where it is a part of preventive health checkups. Fill up the query form and our health expert will suggest a checkup plan suitable to your requirement.

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