This article guides you towards bladder cancer early detection, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, types, stages and treatment.
Bladder Cancer Causes and Symptoms
There are many factors that are identified and linked with the cancer but it is unknown what actually causes this cancer. Some risk factors of cancer are:
- Bladder anomalies from birth
- Serious bladder infections
- Therapies such as Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- History of cancer
- Exposure to arylamine, which is a chemical used mainly in rubber, printing and textile industry.
- Low Fluid intake
Bladder Cancer Early Symptoms
- Blood in urine: In most of the cases blood in the urine is first sign of this cancer and is also known as haematuria. Haematuria in the initial stage can be often painless.
- Feeling pain while urinating.
- An urge to urinate frequently.
Bladder Cancer Diagnosis
With proper bladder cancer awareness the disease can be diagnosed at an early stage thereby, saving the patient from any bladder cancer complications which might get worsen if diagnosed at a later stage.
These are the bladder cancer test often used to identify the disease.
A routine examination to check general functioning of body.
Vaginal and rectal exam
A test to examine urine's color and its content such as protein, RBC (Red blood cells), WBC (White blood cells) and sugar.
Examine urine to check for cancerous cells.
A procedure which allows your doctor to examine your bladder with a telescope and check for abnormal areas.
Bladder Cancer Types
Transitional cell cancer:
It is one of most common type of cancer affecting the bladder and is found in more than 90% of people suffering from the disease.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Bladder Cancer Stages
Tests are conducted to find out the status of this cancer. The test show whether the cancer has spread throughout the bladder or it also has spread to the other parts of body. These tests are useful for staging of cancer. Following are the stages of cancer:
- Stage 0
- Stage I
- Stage II
- Stage III
- Stage IV
Bladder Cancer Treatment
The treatment of this cancer depends on tumor’s stage which is based on the fact that how deep has it grown into bladder and whether it has spread to any other organs.
- Intravesical therapy
- Radiation therapy
Even after successful treatment a patient may come face to face with some bladder cancer risk factors such as depression, sexual problems, and urinary diversion. Also the cancer may erupt again, so it is always advisable to have regular checkups.