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Bladder Cancer Overview

Cancer is the change in DNA of cell which causes it to divide and multiply at an abrupt rate. This abnormal growth form masses known as tumor. If this growth happens in bladder then it is bladder cancer. The key to survival is bladder cancer diagnosis at an early stage.

Bladder Cancer Overview

This article guides you towards bladder cancer early detection, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, types, stages and treatment.

Bladder Cancer Causes and Symptoms

There are many factors that are identified and linked with the cancer but it is unknown what actually causes this cancer. Some risk factors of cancer are:

  • Bladder anomalies from birth
  • Serious bladder infections
  • Therapies such as Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • History of cancer
  • Exposure to arylamine, which is a chemical used mainly in rubber, printing and textile industry.
  • Smoking
  • Low Fluid intake

Bladder Cancer Early Symptoms

  • Blood in urine: In most of the cases blood in the urine is first sign of this cancer and is also known as haematuria. Haematuria in the initial stage can be often painless.
  • Feeling pain while urinating.
  • An urge to urinate frequently.

Bladder Cancer Diagnosis

With proper bladder cancer awareness the disease can be diagnosed at an early stage thereby, saving the patient from any bladder cancer complications which might get worsen if diagnosed at a later stage.

These are the bladder cancer test often used to identify the disease.

  • Physical examination:

    A routine examination to check general functioning of body.

  • Vaginal and rectal exam

  • Urinalysis:

    A test to examine urine's color and its content such as protein, RBC (Red blood cells), WBC (White blood cells) and sugar.

  • Urine Cytology:

    Examine urine to check for cancerous cells.

  • Cystoscopy:

    A procedure which allows your doctor to examine your bladder with a telescope and check for abnormal areas.

Bladder Cancer Types

  • Transitional cell cancer:

    It is one of most common type of cancer affecting the bladder and is found in more than 90% of people suffering from the disease.

  • Squamous cell carcinoma

  • Adenocarcinoma

  • Sarcoma

Bladder Cancer Stages

Tests are conducted to find out the status of this cancer. The test show whether the cancer has spread throughout the bladder or it also has spread to the other parts of body. These tests are useful for staging of cancer. Following are the stages of cancer:

  • Stage 0
  • Stage I
  • Stage II
  • Stage III
  • Stage IV

Bladder Cancer Treatment

The treatment of this cancer depends on tumor’s stage which is based on the fact that how deep has it grown into bladder and whether it has spread to any other organs.

  • Surgery
  • Intravesical therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy

Even after successful treatment a patient may come face to face with some bladder cancer risk factors such as depression, sexual problems, and urinary diversion. Also the cancer may erupt again, so it is always advisable to have regular checkups.

To live healthy & happy, one must keep a check on the body’s functioning by going for regular health checkups. This helps in assessing risk factors and diagnosing diseases at an early stage, which will result in effective treatment and better management of the condition.


Know your complete health status by full body checkup packages designed and facilitated by Indus Health Plus, the preventive checkup specialist.


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